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Dr Josie Parker FHEA MRSB



Research Officer

j.e.parker@swansea.ac.uk






Qualifications
BSc (hons) Genetics (Aberystwyth University, 2001)
PhD (Aberystwyth University, 2005)

Teaching
PM-120 Genetic Analysis I
PM-130 Biochemistry Skills Development
PM-200 Genetic Analysis II
PM-246 Biochemistry Skills Development II
PM-250 Infectious Disease and Parasitology
PM-300 Medical Genetics
PM-304 Biomolecular Research Project
PM-334 Biochemistry Literature Review and Communication

Publications

2017

Rybak JM, Dicken CM, Parker JE, Caudle K, Manigaba K, Whaley SG, Nishimoto A, Luna-Tapia A, Roy S, Zhang Q, Barker KS, Palmer GE, Sutter TR, Homayouni R, Wiederhold NP, Kelly SL, Rogers PD. Loss of C-5 sterol desaturase activity results in increased resistance to azole abd echinocandin antifungals in a clinical isolate of Candida parapsilosis. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2017, doi: 10.1128/AAC.00651-17.

Warrilow AGS, Parker JE, Price CL, Garvey EP, Hoekstra WJ, Schotzinger RJ, Wiederhold NP, Nes WD, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. The tetrazole VT-1161 is a potent inhibitor of Trichophyton rubrum through its inhibition T. rubrum CYP51. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2017, EPub ahead of print.

Colley T, Alanio A, Kelly SL, Sehra G, Kizawa Y, Warrilow AGS, Parker JE, Kelly DE, Kimura G, Anderson-Dring L, Nakaoki T, Sunose M, Onions S, Crepin D, Lagasse F, Crittall M, Shannon J, Cooke M, Bretagne S, King-Underwood J, Murray J, Ito K, Strong P, Rapeport G. In vitro and in vivo antifungal profile of a novel and long acting inhaled azole PC945, on Aspergillus fumigatus infection. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2017, doi:10.1128/AAC.02280-16.

2016

McCourt P, Liu H-Y, Parker JE, Gallo-Ebert C, Donigan M, Bata A, Giordano C, Kelly SL, Nickels Jr JT. Proper sterol distribution is required for Candida albicans hyphal formation and virulence. G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. 2016, doi: 10.1534/g3.116.033969.

Warrilow AG, Price CL, Parker JE, Rolley NJ, Smyrniotis CJ, Hughes DD, Thoss V, Nes WD, Kelly DE, Holman TR, Kelly SL. Azole antifungal sensitivity of sterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) and CYP5218 from Malassezia globosa. Scientific Reports. 2016, 6, 27690.

Warrilow AG, Parker JE, Price CL, Nes WD, Garvey EP, Hoekstra WJ, Schotzinger RJ, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. The invesitgational drug VT-1129 is a highly potent inhibitor of Cryptococcus species CYP51 but only weakly inhibits the human enzyme. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2016, 60(8), 4530-4538.

2015

Warrilow AGS, Parker JE, Price CL, Nes WD, Kelly SL, Kelly DE. CYP51-mediated azole resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus: an in vitro biochemical study. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2015, 59(12), 7771-7778.

Berkow El, Manigaba K, Parker JE, Barker KS, Kelly SL, Rogers PD. Multidrug transporters and alterations in sterol biosynthesis contribute to azole antifungal resistance in Candida parapsilosis. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2015, 59(10), 5942-5950.

Derbyshire MC, Michaelson L, Parker J, Kelly S, Thacker U, Powers SJ, Bailey A, Hammond-Kosack K, Courbot M, Rudd J. Analysis of cytochrome b5 reductase-mediated metabolism in the phytopathogenic fungus Zymoseptoria tritici reveals novel functionalities implicated in virulence. Fungal Genetics and Biology. 2015, 82, 69-84.

Lamb DC, Warrilow AG, Rolley NJ, Parker JE, Nes WD, Smith SN, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Azole antifungal agents to treat the human pathogens Acanthamoeba castellanii and Acanthamoeba polyphaga through inhibition of sterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51). Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2015, 59(8), 4707-4713.

Price CL, Parker JE, Warrilow AGS, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Azole fungicides - understanding resistance mechanisms in agricultural fungal pathogens. Pest Management Science. 2015, 71(8), 1054-1058.

Price CL, Warrilow AGS, Parker JE, Mullins JGL, Nes WD, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Novel substrate specificity and temperature sensitive activity of Mycosphaerella graminicola CYP51 (MgCYP51) supported by the native NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR). Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2015, 81(10), 3379-3386.

2014

Warrilow AGS, Hull CM, Parker JE, Garvey EP, Hoekstra WJ, Moore WR, Schotzinger RJ, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. The clinical candidate VT-1161 is a highly potent inhibitor of Candida albicans CYP51 but fails to bind the human enzyme. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2014, Epub.

Parker JE, Warrilow AGS, Price CL, Mullins JGL, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Resistance to antifungals that target CYP51. Journal of Chemical Biology. 2014, 7(4), 143-161. 

Warrilow AGS, Hull CM, Rolley NJ, Parker JE, Nes WD, Smith SN, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Clotrimazole as a potent agent for treating the oomycete fish pathogen Saprolegnia parasitica through inhibition of sterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51). Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2014. 80(19), 6154-6166.

2013

Eddouzi J, Parker JE, Vale-Silva LA, Coste A, Ischer F, Kelly S, Manai M, Sanglard D. Molecular mechanisms of drug resistance in clinical Candida species isolated from Tunisian hospitals. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2013, 57(7), 3182-3193.

Hoobler EK, Rai G, Warrilow AGS, Perry SC, Smyrniotis CJ, Jadhav A, Simeonov A, Parker JE, Kelly DE, Maloney DJ, Kelly SL, Holman TR. Discovery of a novel dual fungal CYP51/human 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor: implications for anti-fungal therapy. PLoS One. 2013, 8(6), e65928.

Fan JR, Urban M, Parker JE, Brewer HC, Kelly SL, Hammond-Kosack KE, Fraaije BA, Liu XL, Cools HJ. Characterization of the sterol 14 alpha-demethylases of Fusarium graminearum identifies a novel genus-specific CYP51 function. New Phytologist. 2013, 198(3), 821-835.

Parker JE, Warrilow AG, Cools HJ, Fraaije BA, Lucas JA, Rigdova K, Griffiths WJ, Kelly DE, KellySL. Prothioconazole and prothioconazole-desthio activity against Candida albicans sterol 14 alpha-demethylase (CaCYP51). Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2013, 79(5), 1639-1645.

Fan JR, Urban M, Parker JE, Brewer HC, Kelly SL, Hammond-Kosack KE, Fraaije BA, Liu XL, Cools HJ. Characterization of the sterol 14 alpha-demethylases of Fusarium graminearum identifies a novel genus-specific CYP51 function. New Phytologist. 2013, 198(3), 821-835.

Parker JE, Warrilow AG, Cools HJ, Fraaije BA, Lucas JA, Rigdova K, Griffiths WJ, Kelly DE, KellySL. Prothioconazole and prothioconazole-desthio activity against Candida albicans sterol 14 alpha-demethylase (CaCYP51). Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2013, 79(5), 1639-1645.

2012

Hull CM, Bader O, Parker JE, Weig M, Gross U, Warrilow AG, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Two clinical isolates of Candida glabrata exhibiting reduced sensitivity to amphotericin B both harbor mutations in ERG2. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2012, 56(12), 6417-6421.

Hull CM, Parker JE, Bader O, Weig M, Gross U, Warrilow AG, Kelly DE, KellySL. Facultative sterol uptake in an ergosterol-deficient clinical isolate of Candida glabrata harboring a missense mutation in ERG11 and exhibiting cross-resistance to azoles and amphotericin B. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2012, 56(8), 4223-4232.

Warrilow AGS, Mullins JGL, Hull CM, Parker JE, Lamb DC, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. S279 point mutations in Candida albicans sterol 14-alpha demethylase (CYP51) reduces in vitro inhibition by fluconazole. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2012, 56(4), 2099-2107.

2011

Cools HJ, Mullins JGL, Fraaije BA, Parker JE, Kelly DE, Lucas JA, Kelly SL. Impact of recently emerged sterol 14 alpha-demethylase (CYP51) variants of Mycosphaerella graminicola on azole fungicide sensitivity. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2011, 77(11), 3830-3837.

Parker JE, Warrilow AGS, Cools HJ, Martel CM, Nes, WD, Fraaije BA, Lucas JA, Kelly DE, and Kelly SL. Mechanism of binding of prothioconazole to Mycosphaerella graminicola CYP51 differs from that of other azole antifungals. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2011, 77(4), 1460-1465.

Martel CM, Parker JE, Jackson CJ, Warrilow AGS, Rolley N, Greig C, Morris SM, Donnison IS, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Expression of bacterial levanase in yeast enables simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of grass juice to bioethanol. Bioresource Technology. 2011, 102(2), 1503-1508.

2010

Martel CM, Parker JE, Bader O, Weig M, Gross U, Warrilow AGS, Rolley N, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Identification and characterization of four azole-resistant erg3 mutants of Candida albicans. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2010, 54(11), 4527-4533.

Martel CM, ParkerJE, Warrilow AGS, Rolley N, Kelly SL, Kelly, DE. Complementation of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae ERG11/CYP51 (sterol 14 alpha-demethylase) doxycycline-regulated mutant and screening of the azole sensitivity of Aspergillus fumigatus isoenzymes CYP51A and CYP51B. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2010, 54(11), 4920-4923.

Warrilow AGS, Melo N, Martel CM, Parker JE, Kelly SL, Kelly DE. Expression, purification, and characterization of Aspergillus fumigatus sterol 14-alpha demethylase (CYP51) isoenzymes A and B. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2010, 54(10), 4225-4234.

Warrilow AGS, Martel CM, Parker JE, Melo N, Lamb DC, Nes D, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Azole binding properties of Candida albicans sterol 14-alpha demethylase (CaCYP51). Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2010, 54(10), 4235-4245.

Martel CM, Parker JE, Bader O, Weig M, Gross U, Warrilow AGS, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. A clinical isolate of Candida albicans with mutations in ERG11 (encoding sterol 14 alpha-demethylase) and ERG5 (encoding C22 desaturase) is cross resistant to azoles and amphotericin B. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2010, 54(9), 3578-3583.

Cools HJ, Parker JE, Kelly DE, Lucas JA, Fraaije BA, Kelly SL. Heterologous expression of mutated eburicol 14 alpha-demethylase (CYP51) proteins of Mycosphaerella graminicola to assess effects on azole fungicide Sensitivity and intrinsic protein function. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2010, 76(9), 2866-2872.

Martel CM, Warrilow AGS, Jackson CJ, Mullins JGL, Togawa RC, Parker JE, Morris MS, Donnison IS, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Expression, purification and use of the soluble domain of Lactobacillus paracasei beta-fructosidase to optimise production of bioethanol from grass fructans. Bioresource Technology. 2010, 101(12), 4395- 4402.

2009

Warrilow AGS, Jackson CJ, Parker JE, Marczylo TH, Kelly DE, Lamb DC, Kelly SL. Identification, characterization and azole-binding properties of Mycobacterium smegmatis CYP164A2, a homolog of ML2088, the sole cytochrome P450 gene of Mycobacterium leprae. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2009, 53(3) 1157-1164.

2008

Parker JE, Merkamm M, Manning NJ, Pompon D, Kelly SL, Kelly DE. Differential azole antifungal efficacies contrasted using a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain humanized for sterol 14 alpha-demethylase at the homologous locus. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2008, 52(10) 3597-3603.

Jackson CJ, Lamb DC, Warrilow AGS, Parker JE, de Melo NR, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. P450s in microbial sterol biosynthesis and drug targets. Acta Chimica Slovenica 2008, 55(1) 58-62.

2003
Jackson CJ, Lamb DC, Marczylo TH, Parker JE, Manning NL, Kelly DE, Kelly SL. Conservation and cloning of CYP51: a sterol 14alpha-demethylase from Mycobacterium smegmatis. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2003, 301(2) 558-563.


Affiliations
Member of the Royal Society of Biology
Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
STEM Ambassador